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shrii

TRANSLITERATION GUIDE

TRANSLITERATION SCHEMES WITH
LATIN DIACRITICAL MARKS AS WELL AS
BARAHA AND ITRANS NOTATIONS

======================================== ======================================== ==========
VOWELS
LATIN
(upper case)
A Ā I Ī U Ū E Ê / È AI O Ô / Ò AU AṀ AḤ
LATIN
(lower case)
a ā i ī u ū e ê / è ai o ô / ò au aṁ aḥ
देवनागरी     अं अः
తెలుగు అం అః
தமிழ்     அம் அஃ
ಕನ್ನಡ ಅಂ ಅಃ
BARAHA a A i I u U Ru RU e E ai o O au aM aH
ITRANS a aa /
A
i ii /
I
u uu /
U
R^i /
RRi
R^I /
RRI
  e ai   o au aM aH
PLEASE NOTE Upper and lower case LATIN symbols have same phonetics;
Phonetics in BARAHA and ITRANS notations are Case-sensitive.

CONSONANTS (1)
LATIN
(upper case)
KA KHA GA GHA ṄA CA/
CHA**
CHHA JA JHA ÑA ṬA ṬHA ḌA ḌHA ṆA
LATIN
(lower case)
ka kha ga gha ṅa ca/
cha**
chha ja jha ña ṭa ṭha ḍa ḍha ṇa
देवनागरी
తెలుగు
தமிழ்
ಕನ್ನಡ ಙ್
BARAHA ka kha /
Ka
ga gha /
Ga
~ga ca Ca ja jha /
Ja
~ja Ta Tha Da Dha Na
ITRANS ka kha ga gha ~N /
N^
ca /
cha
Cha /
chha
ja jha ~n /
JN
Ta Tha Da Dha Na
PLEASE NOTE Upper and lower case LATIN symbols have same phonetics;
Phonetics in BARAHA and ITRANS notations are Case-sensitive.
** ( ca ) is the formally recognized symbol which was adopted at the Oriental convention in 1912
in Athens when these notations were standardized. But,
(cha) has also come into vogue by virtue of
its popular usage over time. However, the ligature
(च्छ, చ్ఛ) should always be written as ccha.

CONSONANTS (2)
LATIN
(upper case)
TA THA DA DHA NA PA PHA BA BHA MA YA RA LA VA /
WA $$
LATIN
(lower case)
ta tha da dha na pa pha ba bha ma ya ra la va /
wa $$
देवनागरी
తెలుగు
தமிழ் ந, ன
ಕನ್ನಡ
BARAHA ta tha da dha na pa pha /
Pa
ba bha /
Ba
ma ya ra la va
ITRANS ta tha da dha na pa pha ba bha ma ya ra la va /
wa
PLEASE NOTE Upper and lower case LATIN symbols have same phonetics;
Phonetics in BARAHA and ITRANS notations are Case-sensitive.
$$ (va) is the formally adopted symbol.   (wa) is also used often.

CONSONANTS (3)
LATIN
(upper case)
ŚA ṢA SA HA KṢA ŘA ḶA ZA ŚRĪ
LATIN
(lower case)
śa ṣa sa ha kṣa řa ḷa za Śrī
देवनागरी क्ष   श्री
తెలుగు క్ష   శ్రీ
தமிழ் க்ஷ ஸ்ரீ
ಕನ್ನಡ ಕ್ಷ   ಶ್ರೀ
BARAHA Sa Sha sa ha kSha rxa La zh SrI
ITRANS sha Sha /
shha
sa ha kSha   La   SrI
PLEASE NOTE Upper and lower case LATIN symbols have same phonetics;
Phonetics in BARAHA and ITRANS notations are Case-sensitive.

LIGATURES—CONSONANT + VOWEL
LATIN
(upper case)
KA KI KU KṚ KṜ KE KÊ /
KAI KO KÔ /
KAU KAṀ KAḤ
LATIN
(lower case)
ka ki ku kṛ kṝ ke kê /
kai ko kô /
kau kaṁ kaḥ
देवनागरी का कि की कु कू कृ कॄ   के कै   को कौ कं कः
తెలుగు కా కి కీ కు కూ కృ కౄ కె కే కై కొ కో కౌ కం కః
தமிழ் கா கி கீ கு கூ க்ரு க்ரூ கெ கே கை கொ கோ கௌ கம் கஃ
ಕನ್ನಡ ಕಾ ಕಿ ಕೀ ಕು ಕೂ ಕೃ ಕೄ ಕೆ ಕೇ ಕೈ ಕೊ ಕೋ ಕೌ ಕಂ ಕಃ
BARAHA ka kA ki kI ku kU kRu kRU ke kE kai ko kO kau kaM kaH
ITRANS ka kaa /
kA
ki kii /
kI
ku kuu /
kU
kR^i /
kRRi
kR^I /
kRRI
  ke kai   ko kau kaM kaH
PLEASE NOTE Upper and lower case LATIN symbols have same phonetics;
Phonetics in BARAHA and ITRANS notations are Case-sensitive.